2013 is the year for ROHR to excel to the forefront of Human Rights Restoration Campaign. Human rights are basically defined as “inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being.” Human rights are thus thought to be universal (applicable everywhere) and egalitarian (the same for everyone). These rights can exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in both national and international law. The principle of human rights has been a foundation of public policy around the world in international practice, within international law, global and regional institutions, in the policies of states and in the activities of non-governmental organizations. The idea of human rights states, “If the public discourse of peacetime global society can be said to have a common moral language, it is that of human rights.”
In the contemporary era when the world has been globalized and the politics has been internationalized, the theories and movements of rights have reached to all the corners of the world to provide the basic rights of the human beings. These endeavors try to facilitate human rights on the face of the barriers of economic and political incapacities and shortcomings of the national governments. These rights are basically monitored by the international bodies and work under the umbrella of United Nations Organizations. Though the international movements and organizations play their roles to make sure that all the human beings are given their rights, at the same time it is necessary for the human beings to have complete awareness about their rights so that they are not violated.
Though there have been both national and international endeavors to protect basic rights of human beings, still there are many human beings who suffer from the deprivation of their basic rights. Many governments in the world, like that of our country Afghanistan, still lack the basic democratic principles and the requirements of welfare state and therefore fail to provide the citizens their due rights. To be very specific about Afghanistan it can be said that a so-called democratic government has been installed, which has taken oath to provide the people their basic rights, yet there are millions who remain unattended.